From Sex-Tech to Global Warming: The Chronicle of 17 Artists Who Created BMW’s Acceleration Aesthetics

Alexander Calder, BMW 3.0 CSL, 1975
Alexander Calder, 1975
Frank Stella, BMW 3.0 CSL, 1976
Frank Stella, 1976
Roy Lichtenstein, BMW 320 Gruppe 5, 1977
Roy Lichtenstein, 1977
Andy Warhol, BMW M1 Gruppe 4, 1979
Andy Warhol, 1979
Ernst Fuchs, BMW 635CSi, 1982
Ernst Fuchs, 1982
Robert Rauschenberg, BMW 635CSi, 1986
Robert Rauschenberg, 1986
Michael Jagamara Nelson, BMW M3 Gruppe A, 1989
Michael Jagamara Nelson, 1989
Ken Done, BMW M3 Gruppe A, 1989
Ken Done, 1989
Matazo Kayama, BMW 535i, 1990
Matazo Kayama, BMW 535i, 1990
César Manrique, BMW 730i, 1990
César Manrique, BMW 730i, 1990
A.R. Penck, BMW Z1, 1991
A.R. Penck, 1991
Esther Mahlangu, BMW 525i, 1991
Esther Mahlangu, 1991
Sandro Chia, BMW M3 GTR, 1992
Sandro Chia, 1992
David Hockney, BMW 850CSi, 1995
David Hockney, 1995
Jenny Holzer, BMW V12 LMR, 1999
Jenny Holzer, 1999
Olafur Eliasson, BMW H2R, 2007
Olafur Eliasson, BMW H2R, 2007
Jeff Koons, BMW M3 GT2, 2010
Jeff Koons, 2010

The first BMW Art Car was designed by the American sculptor Alexander Calder in 1975. Commissioned by Calder’s friend, the race-car driver and auctioneer Hervé Poulain, it was one of the artist’s last works of art (he passed away in 1976), and it put his lifelong commitment to kinetic sculpture into its fastest form: Poulain raced Calder’s car that year at the 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race in Central France.

Over the next 40 years, 17 artists—including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Jeff Koons, and Andy Warhol— created BMW Art Cars, the history of which is now documented in the new book BMW Art Cars. From the competitive racing models by  Frank Stella, Roy Lichtenstein, and Warhol to the industrial-ecological critique of Olafur Eliasson’s 2006 BMW H2R (which the artist encapsulated in a hauntingly engineered igloo), BMW’s Art Cars trace a history of complex mutual admiration between engineering and the avant-garde, between what J.G. Ballard called “perverse technology and new sexuality.” When asked about her 1999 V12 LMR model, sloganned with “KEEP ME FROM WHAT I WANT,” Holzer claimed, “The intoxication of motorized speed appears to be every bit as strong as sexual fulfillment,” whereas Robert Rauschenberg admitted of creating his 1986 635 CSi, “Taking the first step was extremely difficult. It was like being alone in a room with a beautiful virgin.”

Yet as times change, so does our relationship to mobility and the complications it entails. For Eliasson’s Art Car, the artist transformed BMW’s hydrogen-powered race car in a skin of steel mesh, mirror-coated stainless steel, and many layers of ice to focus attention to the relation between car design and global warming. “It was a real science project inside BMW,” Eliasson said. “It’s about environmental and sustainable questions in relation to transportation and mobility.”  Thus the BMW Art Car is also a chronicle of a century-long transition from technology- and speed-obsessed art to the fragility of a kind of post-ecological détournement.

BMW Art Cars (Ostfildern, 2014)  is published by Hatje Cantz.  

www.bmw-art-cars.de
www.hatjecantz.de

Andy Warhol
Art 128BMW 2Book 12Cars 2
Frank Stella
Jenny Holzer
Olafur Eliasson 4
Robert Rauschenberg
Roy Lichtenstein 1